|1. Direct and Indirect Speech|
Direct speech is used when giving the exact words
|of what other people say, think, believe, etc.|
Ann said, "It's going to be fun!"
Mom asked, "Where's the car key?"
"Let's go early tomorrow," suggests Bill.
|Indirect speech or reported speech is used when|
|telling about what someone said but not using that|
|person's exact words.|
She asked if I'm all right.
Jake said that he wanted to drive the car.
Felly wondered whether she'll pass the exam.
|2. Change of situation|
It's also possible to report what a person said in
|one place or time to another setting.|
Sally (on Monday morning): I'm too sick to work.
Cathy (on Monday afternoon): Sally said that she
|was too sick to work.|
If there's a change of speaker, pronoun is also
Olly said that he's too full to eat dessert.
Ben asked if he could train with me today.
|4. Here and Now|
When there's a change of place and time, words like
|here, now, this, today are dropped.|
Ted said he wanted to order. (not to order now)
Gem asked if she could use the bathroom. (not use
|the bathroom here)|
Tense is also changed when there's a change of time.
Harry said he didn't love the food. (not he doesn't love...)
|6. Taking Out That|
It's also possible to drop the word "that."
Sasha said (that) she'd be done soon.