|1. Word Order (I asked where Alice was)|
In English, the subject usually follows the verb in reported questions. Also, auxiliary verb do is not used.
Direct: Where's the car?
Indirect: I asked where the was.
|Direct: What do you want me to do?|
Indirect: I asked what he wanted me to do.
|Similar structure is used for reporting answers to questions.|
I had no idea how I got here.
She instructed where to go buy them.
|2. Omitted Question Marks|
In reported questions, question marks do not apply.
Jess asked when the plane would leave.
Dean asked where the key was.
|3. Yes/No Questions (He asked if...)|
If/Whether are used in yes/no reported questions.
The customer asked if/whether we served salad.
Shelby doesn't know if/whether she can go.
|However, present tense isn't use after if to talk about the future in reported questions.|
I'm not sure if I'll make it next week.
Jack is unsure if he'll get his salary on time.
|4. Say And Tell (Answers, Not Questions)|
In reported questions, say and tell aren't used. However, they are used to introduce answers to questions.
He never told me where he's from.
They didn't say what time they're coming.