|1. Negative Questions|
Negative questions expressing emotions (surprise or enthusiasm) are often reported in a unique way.
Direct: Isn't this place spectacular?
Indirect: She remarked how spectacular the place was.
|2. Word Order (What, Who, and Which)|
Questions with who/what/which + be may have a subject or a complement.
Who is the most famous student here? (subject)
What is that building? (complement)
|In cases when the first kind of questions is used, there are two possible word orders:|
Direct: Who is the most famous student here?
Indirect: She asked me who was the most famous student.
She asked me who the most famous student was.
|However, it doesn't apply when the question requires a complement.|
Direct: What is that building?
Indirect: He asked what that building was.
|3. He's written I don't know how many books|
Indirect speech can also be used for complicated sentences with the use of question-word clauses or relatives.
She's eaten I don't know what.
He's read I don't know how many books.
This is the place where Fred said we should stay.
|4. Indirect Speech Minus Reporting Verbs|
Indirect speech is constructed with few reporting verbs in newspaper, radio, and TV.
The President began his speech to the public by summarizing the accomplishment he made for the year. Rating approval on the whole had been high. He was sure the public would still support him for his next term.