Understanding INFINITIVE

Form: to + base verb

DEFINITION:
An infinitive is the simple present form of a verb used as either a noun, adjective, or adverb. The verb of the infinitive is normally preceded by the word to. When the infinitive follows some verbs as the direct object, "to" may be omitted.

Examples:
I need to run every day.
I love to swim.
I can't wait to go to Italy.
Beau shouted to get Kelly's attention.
Kei is working hard to earn enough money for his family.

USES: Infinitives are either used as a noun, adjective, adverb, or bare infinitives (dropped "to"). Study the examples below:

1. Infinitives as Nouns

Ex.
Hana likes to dance ballet.
My mom loves to cook Greek food.
William helped to write the book.

2. Infinitives as Adjectives

Ex.
Give him something to read.
I need someone to carry the boxes.
Yana is busy looking for an apartment to rent.

3. Infinitives as Adverbs

Ex.
Ben dropped by to help.
Keiko will complete the job today to impress her boss.
He arrived too late to see the show.

4. Infinitives with Omitted "to"

Ex.
You should go home now.
Harry watched his mom bake pie.
Sally heard the alarm go off.
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