Prefixes or Suffixes : A Great Tool for Vocabulary Enrichment

English language is very dynamic. Every year, a new word is being introduced and accepted as a new word. The rule that you first known has already been modified and improved. Thus, it is very important for us to be updated on the latest trends in the English Language.

One way in forming a new word in English language is simply adding a prefix or a suffix to a root word then we have a new word. The definition of the new word could be different from the definition of the root word. It is very important that we know at least some of the common prefixes or suffixes used in forming words so that we could understand what the other person is trying to tell us.

In this topic, we will be talking about on how and when to use a prefix or a suffix in our sentences. We will help you understand on the process on how to correctly used some common prefixes or suffixes.

Here are some common prefixes used in the English language:
a. Prefixes
• a (not, without) and is mainly added to an adjective.
moral (root word) – concerning on what is right and wrong in human behaviour
a (prefix) + moral (root word) = amoral (which means having or showing no concern about whether behaviour is right or wrong.
• anti (against) and is mainly added to adjectives or nouns
social (root word) – relating to or involving activities in which people spend time talking to each other
anti (prefix) + social (root word) = antisocial (which means not friendly to other people)
• auto (self) and is mainly added to adjectives or nouns
biography (root word) – the story of a real person’s life written by someone other than that person
auto (prefix) + biography (root word) = autobiography (which means a biography written by the person it is about)
• cyber (computer, internet) and is mainly added to nouns
crime (root word) – an illegal act for which someone can be punished by the government
cyber (prefix) + crime (root word) = cybercrime (which means, crime that involves a computer and a network)
• dis (not, opposite) and is mainly added to adjectives and verbs
loyal (root word) – having or showing complete and constant support for someone or something
dis (prefix) + loyal (root word) = disloyal (which means failing to support or be true to someone or something.
These are just few of the prefixes we have in English language. One way to enrich our vocabulary is to learn the prefixes or suffixes we have in the English language and on how to use them correctly. These will help us be more knowledgeable and word smart.
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